• Mechanical and Durability Properties of Palm Kernel Shell ...

    The compressive strength varied with the increase of percentage replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement with Palm Kernel Shell Ash as shown in Fig. 3. From the above values of compressive strength of concrete cubes casted with different % replacement of OPC with PKSA, we could observe that the strength was

  • ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL …

    Jun 12, 2017· All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as ...

    PDF | Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete... | Find, read and cite all the research you ...

  • Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

    Authors in [16] used Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) in concrete to assess the compressive strength and discussed that the use of PKSA as a partial replacement for cement in concrete, at lower volume ...

  • Properties of sustainable lightweight pervious concrete ...

    Nov 15, 2016· For this purpose, limestone was partially replaced (from 25 to 75% by mass) with oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) to produce sustainable lightweight pervious concrete. Properties, including both fresh and hardened density and void content, compressive and tensile strength as …

  • The Use of Palm Kernel Shell and Ash for Concrete Production

    reported on the engineering properties of concrete incorporating palm kernel shell and demonstrated that that concrete made with palm kernel shell has lower modulus of elasticity when compared to conventional concrete; however, palm kernel shell concrete has sufficient strength to be accepted as structural lightweight. Shafigh et al. [4] reported

  • (DOC) PROPERTIES AND THE USE OF PALM KERNEL SHELLS AS ...

    The strength of palm kernel shells concrete had a compressive strength to be 9.69N/mm2 as compared to the strength of Grade 15 concrete at the end of 7day with minimum compressive strength of 10N/mm 2 and minimum compressive strength to be 13.5N/mm 2 at the end of 28 days specify in BS1881: part 116.

  • Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash in high ...

    Dec 25, 2020· The utilization of Palm Kernal Shell Ash (PKSA) in concrete might bring a great benefit in addressing both environmental and economic issues. This article investigates the effect of PKSA as a partial cement replacement of High Strength Concrete (HSC).

  • IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ...

    Effect of inclusion of palm oil kernel shell (PKS) and palm oil fibre (POF) in concrete was investigated on the compressive strength and flexural strength. In addition, investigation of palm oil kernel shell on concrete water absorption was also conducted. Total of 48 concrete cubes and 24 concrete prisms with the size of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm and

  • Investigation on Palm Kernel Ash as Partial Cement ...

    ordinary Portland cement in high strength palm kernel shell ash concrete. The mix design targeted a compressive strength of 50MPa at 28days. The properties studied include workability of fresh concrete, compressive strength, flexural tensile strength and splitting tensile strength hardened concrete.

  • Artificial neural network application to the compressive ...

    of using palm kernel shells (PKS) as aggregates on the compressive strength of concrete. ANN with an input neuron of 6 factors, 2 hidden layers, 18 and 12 each and 1 output neuron for the compressive strength were used for this work.

  • Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm Kernel ...

    This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented. Concrete cube specimens of mix 1:2:4 were prepared with water-cement ratio of 0.6.

  • An Investigation on The Strength and Workability of ...

    Workability of Concrete Using Palm Kernel Shell and Palm Kernel Fibre As A Coarse Aggregate Emiero, C,Oyedepo O.J Abstract— The study examined the compressive strength and workability of concrete using palm kernel shell and palm kernel fibre as a partial replacement for coarse aggregate.

  • Compressive strength, flexural strength and water ...

    Dec 07, 2017· Compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption of concrete containing palm oil kernel shell Nurazuwa Md Noor 1, Jun Xiang-ONG 1, Hamidun Mohd Noh 1,2, Noor Azlina Abdul Hamid 1, Salsabila Kuzaiman 1,3 and Adiwijaya Ali 1,3

  • ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ...

    Jun 12, 2017· All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as ...

    Mar 14, 2019· 10%· Concrete mix design of 1:2:4 was used for the experiment and the following test were conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives; Water absorption capacity of both aggregate and concrete; specific gravity of sand, particle size distribution of sand and palm kernel shell, workability of concrete and the compressive strength of the concrete.

  • (PDF) Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash ...

    Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash in high strength concrete production ... The result was advocated that the compressive strength of concrete enhanced by 12% and splitting tensile ...

  • Effect of aggregate size and proportion on strength ...

    PKS lowers both workability and compressive strength of concrete. Okafor (1988) reported that the strength of PKS as one of the factors of the strength of palm kernel shell concrete (PKSC), also referred as oil palm shell concrete (OPSC) in some part of the world. Olanipekun et al. (2006) compared concrete made with PKS and coconut shells.

  • Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm Kernel ...

    ABSTRACT . This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented.

  • Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Palm Kernel ...

    With the increasing, the percentage of palm kernel shell in concrete, the compressive strength, cost and weight of the concrete decreases simultaneously. At around 10% partial replacement of coarse aggregate with palm kernel shell in concrete gives a significant decrease in cost and weight of the concrete

  • Experimental Study on Palm Kernel Shells as Coarse ...

    with palm kernel shells and recommended codification of the use of palm kernel shells as aggregates in concrete. Index Terms— coarse aggregate, compressive strength, concrete, density, palm kernel shells, workability, —————————— —————————— 1.0 INTRODUCTION Concrete is the world's most consumed man made-

  • Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate for concrete ...

    Nov 01, 1988· These concrete mixes of widely differing water/cement ratios were made using palm kernel shell as course aggregate. The properties tested include the physical properties of the shell, the compressive, flexural and tensile splitting strengths of the concrete.

  • Performance of laterized concrete made with palm kernel ...

    Jul 30, 2020· The workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and water absorption of concrete mixes made with PKS and laterite at 10, 20, and 30% replacement level were evaluated. The concrete specimens were also exposed to 1.0 N of NaOH solution and thereafter tested for compressive and tensile strength.

  • Effects of Oil Palm Shell Coarse Aggregate Species on High ...

    May 29, 2014· The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different species of oil palm shell (OPS) coarse aggregates on the properties of high strength lightweight concrete (HSLWC). Original and crushed OPS coarse aggregates of different species and age categories were investigated in this study. The research focused on two OPS species ( >dura and tenera), in which the …

  • Mechanical and Durability Properties of Palm Kernel Shell ...

    The compressive strength varied with the increase of percentage replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement with Palm Kernel Shell Ash as shown in Fig. 3. From the above values of compressive strength of concrete cubes casted with different % replacement of OPC with PKSA, we could observe that the strength was

  • ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL …

    Jun 12, 2017· All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as ...

    PDF | Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete... | Find, read and cite all the research you ...

  • Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

    Authors in [16] used Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) in concrete to assess the compressive strength and discussed that the use of PKSA as a partial replacement for cement in concrete, at lower volume ...

  • Properties of sustainable lightweight pervious concrete ...

    Nov 15, 2016· For this purpose, limestone was partially replaced (from 25 to 75% by mass) with oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) to produce sustainable lightweight pervious concrete. Properties, including both fresh and hardened density and void content, compressive and tensile strength as …

  • The Use of Palm Kernel Shell and Ash for Concrete Production

    reported on the engineering properties of concrete incorporating palm kernel shell and demonstrated that that concrete made with palm kernel shell has lower modulus of elasticity when compared to conventional concrete; however, palm kernel shell concrete has sufficient strength to be accepted as structural lightweight. Shafigh et al. [4] reported

  • (DOC) PROPERTIES AND THE USE OF PALM KERNEL SHELLS AS ...

    The strength of palm kernel shells concrete had a compressive strength to be 9.69N/mm2 as compared to the strength of Grade 15 concrete at the end of 7day with minimum compressive strength of 10N/mm 2 and minimum compressive strength to be 13.5N/mm 2 at the end of 28 days specify in BS1881: part 116.

  • Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash in high ...

    Dec 25, 2020· The utilization of Palm Kernal Shell Ash (PKSA) in concrete might bring a great benefit in addressing both environmental and economic issues. This article investigates the effect of PKSA as a partial cement replacement of High Strength Concrete (HSC).

  • IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ...

    Effect of inclusion of palm oil kernel shell (PKS) and palm oil fibre (POF) in concrete was investigated on the compressive strength and flexural strength. In addition, investigation of palm oil kernel shell on concrete water absorption was also conducted. Total of 48 concrete cubes and 24 concrete prisms with the size of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm and

  • Investigation on Palm Kernel Ash as Partial Cement ...

    ordinary Portland cement in high strength palm kernel shell ash concrete. The mix design targeted a compressive strength of 50MPa at 28days. The properties studied include workability of fresh concrete, compressive strength, flexural tensile strength and splitting tensile strength hardened concrete.

  • Artificial neural network application to the compressive ...

    of using palm kernel shells (PKS) as aggregates on the compressive strength of concrete. ANN with an input neuron of 6 factors, 2 hidden layers, 18 and 12 each and 1 output neuron for the compressive strength were used for this work.

  • Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm Kernel ...

    This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented. Concrete cube specimens of mix 1:2:4 were prepared with water-cement ratio of 0.6.

  • An Investigation on The Strength and Workability of ...

    Workability of Concrete Using Palm Kernel Shell and Palm Kernel Fibre As A Coarse Aggregate Emiero, C,Oyedepo O.J Abstract— The study examined the compressive strength and workability of concrete using palm kernel shell and palm kernel fibre as a partial replacement for coarse aggregate.

  • Compressive strength, flexural strength and water ...

    Dec 07, 2017· Compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption of concrete containing palm oil kernel shell Nurazuwa Md Noor 1, Jun Xiang-ONG 1, Hamidun Mohd Noh 1,2, Noor Azlina Abdul Hamid 1, Salsabila Kuzaiman 1,3 and Adiwijaya Ali 1,3

  • ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ...

    Jun 12, 2017· All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as ...

    Mar 14, 2019· 10%· Concrete mix design of 1:2:4 was used for the experiment and the following test were conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives; Water absorption capacity of both aggregate and concrete; specific gravity of sand, particle size distribution of sand and palm kernel shell, workability of concrete and the compressive strength of the concrete.

  • (PDF) Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash ...

    Performance investigation of palm kernel shell ash in high strength concrete production ... The result was advocated that the compressive strength of concrete enhanced by 12% and splitting tensile ...

  • Effect of aggregate size and proportion on strength ...

    PKS lowers both workability and compressive strength of concrete. Okafor (1988) reported that the strength of PKS as one of the factors of the strength of palm kernel shell concrete (PKSC), also referred as oil palm shell concrete (OPSC) in some part of the world. Olanipekun et al. (2006) compared concrete made with PKS and coconut shells.

  • Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm Kernel ...

    ABSTRACT . This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented.

  • Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Palm Kernel ...

    With the increasing, the percentage of palm kernel shell in concrete, the compressive strength, cost and weight of the concrete decreases simultaneously. At around 10% partial replacement of coarse aggregate with palm kernel shell in concrete gives a significant decrease in cost and weight of the concrete

  • Experimental Study on Palm Kernel Shells as Coarse ...

    with palm kernel shells and recommended codification of the use of palm kernel shells as aggregates in concrete. Index Terms— coarse aggregate, compressive strength, concrete, density, palm kernel shells, workability, —————————— —————————— 1.0 INTRODUCTION Concrete is the world's most consumed man made-

  • Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate for concrete ...

    Nov 01, 1988· These concrete mixes of widely differing water/cement ratios were made using palm kernel shell as course aggregate. The properties tested include the physical properties of the shell, the compressive, flexural and tensile splitting strengths of the concrete.

  • Performance of laterized concrete made with palm kernel ...

    Jul 30, 2020· The workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and water absorption of concrete mixes made with PKS and laterite at 10, 20, and 30% replacement level were evaluated. The concrete specimens were also exposed to 1.0 N of NaOH solution and thereafter tested for compressive and tensile strength.

  • Effects of Oil Palm Shell Coarse Aggregate Species on High ...

    May 29, 2014· The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different species of oil palm shell (OPS) coarse aggregates on the properties of high strength lightweight concrete (HSLWC). Original and crushed OPS coarse aggregates of different species and age categories were investigated in this study. The research focused on two OPS species ( >dura and tenera), in which the …