• [PDF] Plant stress adaptations--making metabolism move ...

    Persistently sub-optimal environmental conditions constitute stress. Perception and signaling lead to protein expression changes, the activation of new biochemical pathways, and repression of others which are characteristic of the unstressed state. Protective metabolic adaptations alter physiological reactions of the whole plant. Paramount among the mechanisms are oxygen radical scavenging ...

  • Mechanism of Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Physiological ...

    Salinity is a major abiotic stress limiting growth and productivity of plants in many areas of the world due to increasing use of poor quality of water for irrigation and soil salinization. Plant adaptation or tolerance to salinity stress involves complex physiological traits, metabolic pathways, and molecular or gene networks. A comprehensive understanding on how plants respond to salinity ...

  • Metabolic engineering of osmoprotectant accumulation in plants

    Metabolic engineering of osmoprotectant accumulation in plants Metab Eng. 2002 Jan;4(1) :49-56. doi ... Since some crop plants have low levels of these osmoprotectants or none at all, engineering osmoprotectant biosynthesis pathways is a potential way to improve stress tolerance. ... Osmotic …

  • (PDF) Recent advances in engineering plant tolerance to ...

    Tomato plants transformed with a bacterial codA gene targeted to the chloroplast were highly tolerant Stress-associated changes in metabolites to chilling and oxidative stress, showing an increase in and metabolomics photosynthetic rate, plant survival, flower retention and Severe osmotic stress causes detrimental changes in cel- fruit set [6].

  • Interpreting the metabolic responses of plants to water stress

    @article{osti_6355424, title = {Interpreting the metabolic responses of plants to water stress}, author = {Hanson, A D}, abstractNote = {Biological adaptation by-plants to drying (dessication) or drought-prone environments is analyzed. The metabolic components of adaptation and the metabolic symptoms of stress injury are reviewed. Breeding programs for selection of drought-resistance in plants ...

  • Antioxidative and Metabolic Contribution to Salinity ...

    Osmotic stress and ion toxicity are among the main reasons behind the restriction of plant growth in salinized soils, due to the higher levels of salt in the soil, which restricts plants from extracting water from the soil and inside the plants themselves, which then causes nutritional imbalance and oxidative stress …

  • The Critical Role of Potassium in Plant Stress Response

    During their evolution, plants have developed a wide range of mechanisms to resist a variety of stressed conditions. Increasing evidence suggests that mineral nutrients play a critical role in plant stress resistance [4–8].Out of all the mineral nutrients, potassium (K) plays a particularly critical role in plant growth and metabolism, and it contributes greatly to the survival of plants ...

  • Osmoregulation and its actions during the drought stress ...

    Drought stress causes many physiological and biochemical changes in plants, rendering the maintenance of osmotic adjustment highly crucial. The degree of plant resistance to drought varies with plant species and cultivars, phenological stages of the plant, and the duration of plant exposure to the stress.

  • (PDF) Osmotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Transgenic ...

    Upon exposure to osmotic stress, plants exhibit a wide range of responses at the whole plant, cellular and molecular levels. ... improving environmental stress tolerance by metabolic engineering ...

  • (PDF) Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr Opin. Plant Biol (in press) Nuccio ML, Russell BL, Nolte KD, Rathinasabapathi B, Gage. ... Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine ...

  • Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    Aug 01, 1999· Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance 1. Scott D. McNeil ... Andrew D. Hanson, Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance, Plant Physiology, Volume 120, Issue 4 ... Hanson AD (1999) Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr Opin Plant Biol (in press) 24.

  • Osmoregulation in Plants: Implications for Agriculture1 ...

    Aug 01, 2015· Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol, 2. 128-134. Crossref. Search ADS. ... Increased resistance to oxidative stress in transgenic plants by targeting mannitol biosynthesis to chloroplasts. Plant Physiol, 113. 1177-1183. Crossref. Search ADS.

  • Molecular Physiology of Osmotic Stress in Plants ...

    10%· Jan 05, 2013· Targets for metabolic engineering of stress resistance. Plant Physiol 120:945–949 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Miller G, Suzuki N, Rizhsky L, Hegie A, Koussevitzky S, Mittler R (2007) Double mutants deficient in cytosolic and thylakoid ascorbate peroxidase reveal a complex mode of interaction between reactive oxygen species, plant ...

  • (PDF) Genetic engineering of polyamine and carbohydrate ...

    Genetic engineering of polyamine and carbohydrate metabolism for osmotic stress tolerance in higher plants. October 1998; ... disease resistant varieties in the 1970s, (c) long shelf-life in 1980s ...

  • Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance1 Scott D. McNeil, Michael L. Nuccio, and Andrew D. Hanson* Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 Osmoprotectants (also termed compatible solutes) occur in all organisms from archaebacteria to higher plants and

  • Osmolyte accumulation: can it really help increase crop ...

    Mar 11, 2002· For example, transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing proline synthesis genes have even been claimed to induce osmotic adjustment and increased drought stress tolerance (Kishor et al. 1995), but without any physiological evidence that osmotic adjustment was actually induced by proline in these plants (Blum et al. 1996; Sharp et al. 1996).

  • Dissecting the Role of Glycine Betaine in Plants under ...

    Plant Stress ©2013 Global Science Books ... Several reports have demonstrated that the metabolic engineering of plants leading to biosynthesis of GB have enhanced tolerance to drought (Table 1). Sawahel (2004) ... helping the cells to maintain osmotic potential and thus enhancing the ability of the plants to tolerate water stress.

  • Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine synthesis: plant ...

    Jan 01, 1994· Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine synthesis: plant betaine aldehyde dehydrogenases lacking typical transit peptides are targeted to tobacco chloroplasts where they confer betaine aldehyde resistance. ... Expression of the betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in barley in response to osmotic stress and abscisic acid. Ishitani M, Nakamura T ...

  • Abiotic Stress in Plants and Metabolic Responses | IntechOpen

    Mar 13, 2013· In L. japonicus, which has a robust metabolic response to salt stress, levels of proline and serine, polyolsononitol and pinitol, and myo-inositol increase . All these studies demonstrate that the metabolic plant response to salinity stress is variable depending on the genus and species and even the cultivar under consideration.

  • Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance

    These plants generally accumulate low levels of osmoprotectants and have increased stress tolerance. The next priority is therefore to engineer greater osmoprotectant synthesis wi … Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance Curr Opin Plant Biol. 1999 Apr;2(2) :128-34. doi ...

  • Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress ...

    Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance Nuccio et al. 129 the lack of investment in plant biochemistry. The plant gene pool should not be overlooked, as plants have evolved unique genes to synthesize osmoprotectants [11], and plant genes can possess particularly useful characteris-tics. For example, in transgenic tobacco ...

  • Metabolic Engineering for Beta-Alanine Overproduction and ...

    page 1 metabolic engineering for beta -alanine overproduction and stress tolerance in plants: expression of escherichia coli laspartate-alpha-decarboxylas e in transgenic tobacco by walid mohamed mounir fouad a dissertation presented to the graduate school of the university of flor ida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy university of florida 2004

  • Biosynthesis, function and metabolic engineering of plant ...

    Feb 06, 2013· The recent progress in metabolic engineering for improved pollination, plant defense and fruit flavor is documented in a few examples shown in the panel on the right-hand side. Our review also highlights the current lack of knowledge about the influence of VOC alteration on fruit flavor and pollination for improvement of seed (fruit) disperser ...

  • Comprehensive transcriptome and metabolome profiling ...

    Jun 18, 2021· Under salt stress, the accumulation in plants of small molecules such as amino acids are conducive to osmotic and metabolic regulation and has an important role in reducing plant …

  • [PDF] Plant stress adaptations--making metabolism move ...

    Persistently sub-optimal environmental conditions constitute stress. Perception and signaling lead to protein expression changes, the activation of new biochemical pathways, and repression of others which are characteristic of the unstressed state. Protective metabolic adaptations alter physiological reactions of the whole plant. Paramount among the mechanisms are oxygen radical scavenging ...

  • Mechanism of Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Physiological ...

    Salinity is a major abiotic stress limiting growth and productivity of plants in many areas of the world due to increasing use of poor quality of water for irrigation and soil salinization. Plant adaptation or tolerance to salinity stress involves complex physiological traits, metabolic pathways, and molecular or gene networks. A comprehensive understanding on how plants respond to salinity ...

  • Metabolic engineering of osmoprotectant accumulation in plants

    Metabolic engineering of osmoprotectant accumulation in plants Metab Eng. 2002 Jan;4(1) :49-56. doi ... Since some crop plants have low levels of these osmoprotectants or none at all, engineering osmoprotectant biosynthesis pathways is a potential way to improve stress tolerance. ... Osmotic …

  • (PDF) Recent advances in engineering plant tolerance to ...

    Tomato plants transformed with a bacterial codA gene targeted to the chloroplast were highly tolerant Stress-associated changes in metabolites to chilling and oxidative stress, showing an increase in and metabolomics photosynthetic rate, plant survival, flower retention and Severe osmotic stress causes detrimental changes in cel- fruit set [6].

  • Interpreting the metabolic responses of plants to water stress

    @article{osti_6355424, title = {Interpreting the metabolic responses of plants to water stress}, author = {Hanson, A D}, abstractNote = {Biological adaptation by-plants to drying (dessication) or drought-prone environments is analyzed. The metabolic components of adaptation and the metabolic symptoms of stress injury are reviewed. Breeding programs for selection of drought-resistance in plants ...

  • Antioxidative and Metabolic Contribution to Salinity ...

    Osmotic stress and ion toxicity are among the main reasons behind the restriction of plant growth in salinized soils, due to the higher levels of salt in the soil, which restricts plants from extracting water from the soil and inside the plants themselves, which then causes nutritional imbalance and oxidative stress …

  • The Critical Role of Potassium in Plant Stress Response

    During their evolution, plants have developed a wide range of mechanisms to resist a variety of stressed conditions. Increasing evidence suggests that mineral nutrients play a critical role in plant stress resistance [4–8].Out of all the mineral nutrients, potassium (K) plays a particularly critical role in plant growth and metabolism, and it contributes greatly to the survival of plants ...

  • Osmoregulation and its actions during the drought stress ...

    Drought stress causes many physiological and biochemical changes in plants, rendering the maintenance of osmotic adjustment highly crucial. The degree of plant resistance to drought varies with plant species and cultivars, phenological stages of the plant, and the duration of plant exposure to the stress.

  • (PDF) Osmotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Transgenic ...

    Upon exposure to osmotic stress, plants exhibit a wide range of responses at the whole plant, cellular and molecular levels. ... improving environmental stress tolerance by metabolic engineering ...

  • (PDF) Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr Opin. Plant Biol (in press) Nuccio ML, Russell BL, Nolte KD, Rathinasabapathi B, Gage. ... Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine ...

  • Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    Aug 01, 1999· Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance 1. Scott D. McNeil ... Andrew D. Hanson, Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance, Plant Physiology, Volume 120, Issue 4 ... Hanson AD (1999) Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr Opin Plant Biol (in press) 24.

  • Osmoregulation in Plants: Implications for Agriculture1 ...

    Aug 01, 2015· Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol, 2. 128-134. Crossref. Search ADS. ... Increased resistance to oxidative stress in transgenic plants by targeting mannitol biosynthesis to chloroplasts. Plant Physiol, 113. 1177-1183. Crossref. Search ADS.

  • Molecular Physiology of Osmotic Stress in Plants ...

    10%· Jan 05, 2013· Targets for metabolic engineering of stress resistance. Plant Physiol 120:945–949 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Miller G, Suzuki N, Rizhsky L, Hegie A, Koussevitzky S, Mittler R (2007) Double mutants deficient in cytosolic and thylakoid ascorbate peroxidase reveal a complex mode of interaction between reactive oxygen species, plant ...

  • (PDF) Genetic engineering of polyamine and carbohydrate ...

    Genetic engineering of polyamine and carbohydrate metabolism for osmotic stress tolerance in higher plants. October 1998; ... disease resistant varieties in the 1970s, (c) long shelf-life in 1980s ...

  • Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for ...

    Betaines and Related Osmoprotectants. Targets for Metabolic Engineering of Stress Resistance1 Scott D. McNeil, Michael L. Nuccio, and Andrew D. Hanson* Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 Osmoprotectants (also termed compatible solutes) occur in all organisms from archaebacteria to higher plants and

  • Osmolyte accumulation: can it really help increase crop ...

    Mar 11, 2002· For example, transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing proline synthesis genes have even been claimed to induce osmotic adjustment and increased drought stress tolerance (Kishor et al. 1995), but without any physiological evidence that osmotic adjustment was actually induced by proline in these plants (Blum et al. 1996; Sharp et al. 1996).

  • Dissecting the Role of Glycine Betaine in Plants under ...

    Plant Stress ©2013 Global Science Books ... Several reports have demonstrated that the metabolic engineering of plants leading to biosynthesis of GB have enhanced tolerance to drought (Table 1). Sawahel (2004) ... helping the cells to maintain osmotic potential and thus enhancing the ability of the plants to tolerate water stress.

  • Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine synthesis: plant ...

    Jan 01, 1994· Metabolic engineering of glycine betaine synthesis: plant betaine aldehyde dehydrogenases lacking typical transit peptides are targeted to tobacco chloroplasts where they confer betaine aldehyde resistance. ... Expression of the betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in barley in response to osmotic stress and abscisic acid. Ishitani M, Nakamura T ...

  • Abiotic Stress in Plants and Metabolic Responses | IntechOpen

    Mar 13, 2013· In L. japonicus, which has a robust metabolic response to salt stress, levels of proline and serine, polyolsononitol and pinitol, and myo-inositol increase . All these studies demonstrate that the metabolic plant response to salinity stress is variable depending on the genus and species and even the cultivar under consideration.

  • Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance

    These plants generally accumulate low levels of osmoprotectants and have increased stress tolerance. The next priority is therefore to engineer greater osmoprotectant synthesis wi … Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance Curr Opin Plant Biol. 1999 Apr;2(2) :128-34. doi ...

  • Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress ...

    Metabolic engineering of plants for osmotic stress resistance Nuccio et al. 129 the lack of investment in plant biochemistry. The plant gene pool should not be overlooked, as plants have evolved unique genes to synthesize osmoprotectants [11], and plant genes can possess particularly useful characteris-tics. For example, in transgenic tobacco ...

  • Metabolic Engineering for Beta-Alanine Overproduction and ...

    page 1 metabolic engineering for beta -alanine overproduction and stress tolerance in plants: expression of escherichia coli laspartate-alpha-decarboxylas e in transgenic tobacco by walid mohamed mounir fouad a dissertation presented to the graduate school of the university of flor ida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy university of florida 2004

  • Biosynthesis, function and metabolic engineering of plant ...

    Feb 06, 2013· The recent progress in metabolic engineering for improved pollination, plant defense and fruit flavor is documented in a few examples shown in the panel on the right-hand side. Our review also highlights the current lack of knowledge about the influence of VOC alteration on fruit flavor and pollination for improvement of seed (fruit) disperser ...

  • Comprehensive transcriptome and metabolome profiling ...

    Jun 18, 2021· Under salt stress, the accumulation in plants of small molecules such as amino acids are conducive to osmotic and metabolic regulation and has an important role in reducing plant …